Fish and marine resources in Tasmania

Tasmania has what seafood-lovers of the world want – © TAFI

Tasmania has 5,400 kilometres of coastline with diverse ocean environments, from sandy beaches, bays, estuaries and salt marshes to rocks and sheer cliffs. There are approximately 600 named islands and reefs off Tasmania.

The waters of these coastal ecosystems are clean and strict quarantine laws have ensured that the relative isolation of Tasmania is an advantage in keeping her free of serious aquatic diseases.

People travel from afar to see Tasmania’s penguins, seals, dolphins and whales, and there is a commitment to preserving the ocean resources that are vital to both lifestyle and to the Tasmanian economy.

The marine environments of Tasmania vary from wild and exposed ocean on the west coast to protected, warmer waters in the north. The sea flora includes giant kelp and many other seaweeds and grasses. The waters teem with over a thousand species of red, brown and green algae which provide food for over 100,000 species of marine invertebrates.

Of the more than 600 species of fish in Tasmania, some 50 are part of the commercial fisheries catch. Abalone, oysters and scallops are also important to Tasmania’s economy, as are lobsters, prawns and deep-sea crabs.

did you know?

Tasmania is the largest wild abalone fishery in the world, providing approximately 25% of the annual world harvest.

Tasmanian Aquaculture and Fisheries Institute

Research keeps Tasmania’s fishing industry competitive, innovative and sustainable.
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Fishing is a major industry in Tasmania.
© Tourism Tasmania
and Holger Leue